Simple tips to write an abstract that is good a medical paper or seminar presentation

Simple tips to write an abstract that is good a medical paper or seminar presentation

Simple tips to write an abstract that is good a medical paper or seminar presentation

Chittaranjan Andrade

Department of Psychopharmacology, nationwide Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, Asia

Abstracts of clinical documents are now and again defectively written, often lack information, and sporadically convey a picture that is biased. This paper provides step-by-step recommendations, with examples, for composing the backdrop, practices, outcomes, and conclusions parts of a good abstract. The principal target of the paper could be the researcher that is young but, authors along with degrees of experience might find of good use tips when you look at the paper.


This paper could be the 3rd in a string on manuscript writing abilities, posted into the Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Previously articles offered suggested statements on how exactly to compose a case that is good,1 and just how to see, compose, or review a paper on randomized managed trials.2,3 The present paper examines exactly just exactly how writers may compose a beneficial abstract while preparing their manuscript for a systematic log or meeting presentation. Even though main target for this paper could be the young researcher, it’s likely that writers along with quantities of experience will see at the least a few some ideas that could be beneficial in their future efforts.

The abstract of a paper could be the part that is only of paper that is posted in meeting procedures. The abstract may be the only area of the paper that a prospective referee sees as he is invited by the editor to examine a manuscript. The abstract may be the only area of the paper that visitors see when they read through electronic databases such as for instance PubMed. Finally, many visitors will acknowledge, having a chuckle, that after they leaf through the difficult content of the log, they appear of them costing only the games associated with the included papers. If a name interests them, they glance through the abstract of that paper. Just a specific reader will peruse the contents regarding the paper, after which, usually just the introduction and conversation parts. Just a reader with a rather certain curiosity about the main topic of the paper, and a necessity to know it completely, will see the whole paper.

Therefore, when it comes to majority that is vast of, the paper will not occur beyond its abstract. For the referees, as well as the few readers who would like to read beyond the abstract, the abstract sets the tone for all of those other paper. It is the work for the writer to make sure that the abstract is properly representative of this paper that is entire. With this, the abstract will need to have some basic qualities. They are placed in dining dining Table 1 .

General characteristics of the good abstract


Though some journals still publish abstracts which can be written as free-flowing paragraphs, many journals need abstracts to comply with a formal framework within a term count of, often, 200–250 terms. The most common parts defined in an abstract that is structured the Background, techniques, outcomes, and Conclusions; other headings with comparable meanings can be used (eg, Introduction instead of Background or Findings instead of outcomes). Some journals consist of extra parts, such as for instance Objectives (between Background and techniques) and Limitations (during the end of this abstract). When you look at the sleep of the paper, dilemmas regarding the articles of each and every area will be analyzed in change.


This area ought to be the part that is shortest associated with the abstract and may very quickly describe listed here information:

What exactly is currently understood in regards to the topic, associated with the paper under consideration

What is as yet not known in regards to the topic thus exactly exactly exactly what the study meant to examine (or just exactly exactly what the paper seeks to provide)

The background can be framed in just 2–3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice in most cases. The goal of the back ground, whilst the term itself shows, is give you the audience by having a history to the research, and therefore to efficiently lead right into a description regarding the practices utilized in the research.

Some writers publish papers the abstracts of that incorporate a long background area. There are many circumstances, possibly, where this might be justified. In many situations, but, an extended history part implies that less area stays for the presentation associated with the results. This is certainly regrettable since the reader is enthusiastic about the paper due to its findings, and never due to the history.

A variety that is wide of composed backgrounds is supplied in dining dining dining Table 2 ; a lot of these have now been adjusted from real papers.4–9 Visitors might wish to compare the information in dining Table 2 with all the abstracts that are original observe how the adaptations possibly improve regarding the originals. Remember that, into the interest of brevity, unneeded content is prevented. As an example, in Example 1 you don’t have to mention “The antidepressant effectiveness of desvenlafaxine (DV), a dual-acting antidepressant medication, was established…” (the unneeded content is italicized).

Types of the back ground area of an abstract

The techniques part is often the second-longest area in the abstract. It will include information that is enough allow the reader to know that which was done, and exactly how. Dining Table 3 lists important questions to that the practices area should offer brief responses.

Questions regarding which information should be available in ideally the strategy area of an abstract

Negligently written methods parts lack information regarding crucial problems such as for instance sample size, amounts of clients in numerous teams, doses of medicines, and timeframe for the research. Readers have actually only to flip through the pages of a arbitrarily chosen log to appreciate exactly just exactly how typical such carelessness is.

dining Table 4 presents samples of the articles of accept-ably written techniques parts, modified from actual publications.10,11 Readers are invited to simply take note that is special of first phrase of each and every example in dining dining dining Table 4 ; each is filled with information, illustrating just how to convey the utmost level of information with maximum economy of term count.

Samples of the strategy element of an abstract

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